Abstract Since the 19th Century, there has been an assumption that ancient people made up stories to describe what they could not understand. Although the content of the Mysteries cannot be known through written records as their content was communicated orally, the Mysteries revered the Truth just as todays sciences do. This paper takes the view that mythologies are not to be taken as mere fiction meant to explain the unknown. Spiritual Science and, in particular, the work of Rudolf Steiner, will be used to show the roles played by the Mystery Centers in teaching their people their respective myths. The Akashic Record, also known as the Book of Jashar, is an important source used by Spiritual Science to understand ancient history. The priests and priestesses of the Ancient Mysteries, from their grasp of the past, could foresee how what was initiated in this past would play-out and manifest in the future. This vision became what we call mythology. It was a literal, pictorial description of events that occurred in the spiritual world. The initiates who understood those events brought those stories to their people to help prepare them for their future incarnations.