Could it be that the initial clue that alcoholism is a brain disease was discovered as early as the 8th Century? At that time, German Psychiatrist, Carl Wernike and the 9th Century Russian Psychiatrist, Sergei Korsakoff identified memory loss and extreme neuropathy as the symptoms that now bear the name Wernike-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS). This article is a 2019 case study of a client diagnosed with (WKS), a current recognition of this sort of brain dysfunction, and its successful treatment in only 60 days. This is highly unusual, as WKS is considered an incurable neurological dysfunction. A strong emphasis on a Paradigm Shift from Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) to Coordinated Alternative Therapies (CATs) is presented through 13 Centuries of research. This paradigm Shift is a dramatic departure from the current predominant treatment regimes that are narrowly focused on diagnostic categories of disorders. You are invited to consider broader diagnostic, psychological and therapeutic questions and approaches that help to address the questions: Why are we continuing to criminalize alcoholism, rather than provide science-based explanations as well as offering treatments for the brain disease that it is, and for a broad spectrum of approaches to help people who have these problems? While most therapists are trained in just one or at the most a few ways for dealing with these problems, this article surveys a very broad spectrum of treatment options.